mandalayFounded by King Mindon in 1857, Mandalay was the last royal capital of the Burmese Kingdom and is still today considered to be a centre for Burmese culture.  Its golden time was cut short in 1885 however, during the reign of King Thipaw, when the British took control of Burma,

Mandalay Hill

Mandalay Hill, 23 meters above sea level, offers a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. Visitors have two options to get the top; the first is a stairway with 1,729 steps, or secondly, for those less energetic, there is the option to go up by car!


Khuthodaw Pagoda is noted for containing the largest book in the world.  Commisioned by King Mindon in 1857 the Pali Thipitaka contains 729 marble inscriptions and took over two years to complete.


Originally a part of Mandalay palace, the teak building was resited outside the palace in 1880 and is famed for its intricate wood carvings.

Mahamuni (Phaya gyi)

King Bodaw paya brought this Mahamuni Image from Rakhine after the victory over the Rahkine empire in 1784. Standing at 4m high it is made from bronze covered with 15cm thick layer of gold-leaf.  There are other interesting relics such as the bronze figure from Ankorwat and the Ayeyarwon figure (elephant with three heads).

Other interesting places

Mandalay Palace, Kyauktawgyi, Sandamuni, Atumashi monatery, gold leaf, stone carving, tapestry.


Amarapura is 11 km from Mandalay to the south and was once the ancient capital, built in 1783 during the reign of King Bodawpaya. Interesting places to visit here are U Bein bridge (across the Taungthaman lake), Mahagandayone Monastery, Kyauktawgyi Paya and the silk weaving industry.


Inwa was an ancient capital of Burma, situated south of Amarapura on the far bank of Myintnge. It is possible to get there by ferry and visitors can see Nanmyint Tower, Mahaaungmyaybonzan monastery (Malnu Okkyaung) and Bagayar Monastery.


Once an ancient capital, Sagaing lies 21 km south west of Mandalay, beside the Ayeyarwaddy River. The Sagaing Hills are dotted with pagodas and there are numerous monasteries, which provide a retreat for many monks and nuns. Nearby U Ponya Shin Pagoda, Kaung Hmudaw Pagoda (a copy of the Mahaceti Pagoda in Sri Lanka), and Ywahtaung (home of the silversmiths guilds) are places worth visiting.


Mingun is 11 km upriver from Mandalay, situated on the western bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. Visitors to the town can see the Mingun Patho, built by King Bodawpaya but left unfinished, Mingun Bell, the largest ringing bell in the world, Sattawya Pagoda and Mya Thein Tan Pagoda.

Pyin Oo Lwin (Maymyo)

At an altitude of 1070m, Pyin Oo Lwin is a popular hill-station around 69km east of Mandalay. It is well-known for its colonial-style houses and pine trees, eucalyptus and silver-oak abound in the town. Delightfully cool and pleasant year round, the 175 hectare National Kandawgyi Gardens, Pwe Kauk and Anisakan Waterfalls and Peik Chin Myaung Caves are places of interest in the town.


About 136 km to the west of Mandalay is Monywa, the commercial centre of Chindwin Valley. For visitors there are the Than-bok-de Pagoda, Bodhi-ta-htaung (one thousand Bo Trees), Ledi Kyaungteik monastery where Buddhist scriptures are inscribed on stone slabs and Kyauka Village which is known for its own style of lacquerware. Also of interest are Phowintaung and Shwebataug. You can reach the area by car across the Chindwin River.


Share  Facebooktwittergoogle_plusFacebooktwittergoogle_plus